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Monday, June 11, 2012
Disciples, Followers of Madurai Aadheenam
Madurai Aadheenam with its roots firmly grounded on the highest vedic tenets, and its unequaled glory has been meriting name and fame from the recorded history of 6th century onwards. Being an epoch-making center for the authentic growth of Saiva Siddhanta in Madurai, it has been also been anchoring the growth of Tamil language and also preserving, and transmitting the golden gems of literatures from the Tamil Sangam period.
Madurai Aadheenam has had its own disciples, devotees, and admirers synthesizing from all cultures, social backgrounds, and geographies, spreading across from foreign soils to its mother land of Tamilnadu; from Thiruthani to Kanyakumari in South India to America and Europe. This is the true testimony to its all-encompassing vedic principles that are universally honored, and adopted.
Some of the Disciples of Madurai Aadheenam are
Vadalur Vallalal Ramalinga Adigal
Ramanathapuram King Baskara Sethupathy
Pandiya King Nindra Seer Nedumaaran and
his wife, Queen Mangairkkarasi, a highly evolved saint
Madurai Tamil Sangam establisher Pandi Durai Thevar
Pasum Pon Muthu Ramalinga Thevar
Nayaka King Viswanatha Ventham
Chief Minister AriyaNayaka Mudalai
Chennai Pachiappa College founder Pachiappa Mudalai
Chief Minister Kulkachiraiyaar
Thuraiyur Veera Maarthaanda King
Governor Generals who ruled India “Adli, Dauberin“
Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai
King and Noble Disciples of Aadheenam
To name a few, holy people like Arul Prakasa Ramalinga Adigal, prosperous people like Pachiayappa Vallal and many others, irrespective of being poor or rich, being high or low in status were found and accepted as the blessed disciples of Aadheenam.
Aadheenam’s supreme power of truth, and the spiritual strength (tapas) of its pontiffs, the Sannidhanams brought greatness and reverence for its people even amongst the Britishers, during India’s pre-independence time.
There were several provinces around Madurai. One province among them was under the ruling of Sethupathy Samasthanam in Ramanathapuram. The descendents or royal family members of this king were found to be with great devotion towards Aadheenam Sannidhanams (pontiffs). In the history of Ramanathapura Sethupathy Samasthanam, Baskara Sethupathy was the 24th king. His period was 1873-1903. The pontiff at this period was Srila Sri Swaminatha Sri Gnana Sambandha Desika Paramacharya Swamigal. Baskara Sethupathy was initiated by his highness, Guru Maha Sannidhanam. The Sethupathy king built a palatial portion at the upstairs of this Mutt for Guru Maha Sannidhanam’s resting. The king was initiated with mantras (vedic chants).
Some of the letters written by him to Guru Maha Sannidhanam reveal the mindset of the kings in those days and the faith they had on the dictatorship of the Britishers. A letter-dated 04.04.1887 written by King Sethupathy also beautifully discloses the close and sacred relationship between his kingdom and Madurai Aadheenam. A part of this letter also reveals clearly their attraction towards the English language. It is also an affirming evidence that political issues have also been discussed by small kings with Aadheenam Sannidhanams, and their counsel was much sought after not only in religious, spiritual matters, but also in economic, political decisions, and likewise other key areas of life. Such is the sacred relationship between the Master and disciple.
Inspiration for the 4th Tamil Sangam, the Madurai Tamil Sangam
During the reign of the mighty Pandiya empire, Madurai witnessed the great golden era of its time endowed with superfluous prosperity and awakening of literary genius of Tamil scholars and saints, called the Tamil Sangam period. Madurai without a doubt, being the energy center of the first ever original community establishment, is the original seat of the Tamil Sangam.
Madurai Aadheenam has been a pillar for the Tamil Sangam. The 4th Tamil Sangam period also directly sources its inspiration and strength from Aadheenam. Paandi Thurai Thevar, the founder of the 4th Tamil Sangam in the 19th century established and executed it with planning. Through the Aadheenam’s disciplic succession, Thurai Thevar was a disciple of Guru Maha Sannidhanam’s direct disciple. There were close relationships between these two.
Both the fore mentioned noblemen, King Baskara Sethupathy and Paandi Thurai Thevar were initiated by the 289th Guru Maha Sannidhanam Rao Bahadur Srila Sri Swaminatha Sri Gnana Sambandha Desika Paramacharya Swamigal. Both these disciples of the Madurai Aadheenam maintained a close relationship with their Master and the Mutt. They have also done great service to Tamil literature and offered their spiritual services to the Saiva tradition. King Baskara Sethupathy has built a big bungalow upstairs of Aadheenam building for Maha Sannidhanam to take rest.
There was a long, good and close relationship between P.Pon Muthu Ramalinga Thevar and Madurai Adheenam. Thevar cherished a great devotion and sacred bond towards the child incarnation, the first pontiff, Thiru Gnana Sambandhar Peruman and all the Maha Sannidhanams.
From the year 1940 to the final years of his life i.e. till 1963 this deep relationship continued beautifully. Throughout these 23 years Devar had frequently made his visits to Aadheenam and as an offering of his devotion, he was a pillar of great support to Maha Sannidhanams.
The 291st Guru Maha Sannidhanam had honoured Devar by giving him the “Sanmaarga Sanda Maarutham”.
Taking into consideration all these, our 292nd Guru Maha Sannidhanam has established a charitable trust in Kamarajar University and every year in the name of Guru Maha Sannidhanam many seminars are being conducted.